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Normal Blood Sugar Level by Age

Normal blood sugar level by ageDiabetes is defined as a disease in which the body's ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired. People with type 1 diabetes have a pancreas that doesn't make insulin. People with type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance in the body's cells, or they have a pancreas that slows down or stops producing adequate levels of insulin (blood sugar). Both types of diabetes can cause abnormal blood sugar levels.

Normal blood levels may vary slightly depending on the blood test used, but the difference is minor. Furthermore, the 'normal' range for non-diabetics is not the same as for diabetics. It is generally accepted that the target blood glucose reading for diabetics is slightly higher than for non-diabetics.

A normoglycemic person has a normal glucose range of 72-99 mg/dL on an empty stomach and up to 140 mg/dL about 2 hours after eating.

• Diabetics with adequate glycemic control with pharmacotherapy have different target ranges of blood glucose levels. These people have fasting ranges of about 100 mg/dL or less and can reach 180 mg/dL about 2 hours after eating.

• If diabetes is not well controlled, a person's blood sugar level can be much higher (eg, 200-400 mg/dL; however, some people with diabetes have much higher blood sugar levels). number).

normal blood sugar level by age

What are normal blood sugar levels before and after meals?

The normal range for blood glucose levels in fasting nondiabetic adults is 72 to 99 mg/dL. This range may increase to 80-130 mg/dL in people on diabetes medication.

According to the American Diabetes Association, people with diabetes

• Blood glucose level before meals (fasting) between 80 and 130 mg/dL.

• Less than 180 mg/dL approximately 1-2 hours after eating

The hyperglycemia range for people without diabetes starts at 140 mg/dL, while for people on diabetes medication it starts at 180 mg/dL.

Is high blood sugar dangerous?

Yes, hyperglycemia is dangerous. High blood sugar levels usually cause polyuria, excessive thirst and hunger, and weight loss, but over time these high blood sugar levels can

• paresthesias (tingling) and/or loss of sensation in the lower extremities;

• blurred vision,

high risk of infection

• Kidney and eye damage

• Increased risk of heart attack

• Increased risk of stroke.

Very high blood sugar levels (for example, above 1000 mg/dL) can cause diabetic ketoacidosis, which can lead to unconsciousness and life-threatening consequences. Treatments for blood sugar levels that are too high include intravenous fluids and insulin.

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